History Egyptian Khnum Sculptural wall relief www.Neo-Mfg.com 9"
From the Museum of fine arts Boston..
Hellenistic Period (Ptolemaic Dynasty) - 305–30 B.C.
DIMENSIONS - Height x width x length: 20.5 x 22.2 x 1.1 cm (8 1/16 x 8 3/4 x 7/16 in.)
MEDIUM OR TECHNIQUE - Limestone
Amun (also Amon, Ammon, Amen) is the ancient Egyptian god of the sun and air. He is one of the most important gods of ancient Egypt who rose to prominence at Thebes at the beginning of the period of the New Kingdom (1570-1069 BCE). He is usually depicted as a bearded man wearing a headdress with a double plume or, after the New Kingdom, as a ram-headed man or simply a ram, symbolizing fertility in his role as Amun-Min. His name means "the hidden one," "invisible," "mysterious of form," and unlike most other Egyptian gods, he was considered Lord of All who encompassed every aspect of creation.
The ram-headed deity may be Khnum, the creator god that formed humankind from Nile clay, Harsaphes, or any of a number of Egyptian ram-gods all represented in the same fashion. He has a triangular depression beneath the chin meant to receive an inlay for a divine beard, and two pairs of long, upward-curving, corkscrew horns. The horns are those of a species that died out in Egypt during the Middle Kingdom (Ovis longipes paleoaegypticus), but they were retained as a symbol of divinity. These corkscrew horns appear to be unfinished. For this reason, plaques like this are often called trial pieces or sculptor’s models, but they are more likely to have been votive offerings in honor of the king or a god.
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