Sumerian Cuneiform tablet Medical Nippur Sculptural relief plaque www.Neo-Mfg.com 5.5" Museum reproduction
Size 5.5" x 3.5"
'Medical Tablet', Iraq, Nippur, Babylonian. Clay, 15.4 x 9.3 cm. B14221. Babylonian Expedition to Nippur I-IV, 1888-1900. Image courtesy of the Penn Museum.
Buried 4,000 years in the ruins of ancient Nippur on the plains of Iraq, this 2100 BC tablet is the oldest medical text known. Towards the end of the third millennium BC, an anonymous Sumerian healer recorded remedies for posterity, inscribing fifteen detailed prescriptions in archaic cuneiform.
In 2005, University of Pennsylvania scholars succeeded in translating the greater part of the pharmacopoeia. They identified substances as varied as turtle shell, willow bark and cannabis, most of which were ground into wine or beer as the dissolving agent. It is also believed to be the first known documentation of aspirin, aloe vera and opium, demonstrating a sophistication and level of medical knowledge equivalent to 17th century England.
"Grind to a powder, pear tree bark and moon plant, then pour Kushumma wine over it and let plain oil and hot cedar oil be spread over it.
Grind to a powder the seed of the carpenter plant, gum resin of the Markazi plant and Thyme. Dissolve in beer and let a man drink.
Pour heated water over dried and powdered water snake, the Amama-Shumkaspal plant, roots of the thorn plant, powdered Naga (an alkali-yielding plant), powdered turpentine and faces of bat. After having bathed the affected area, rub with oil and cover with Shaki."
We offer many custom color finishes like Silver Leaf, Bronze, Bronze with Patina, Aged stone, Pewter, Copper
All finishes are Faux finish, each piece of art is hand made and no two (2) pieces are the same. The color shown by camera and on the digital display may look different in real life. Lighting, surrounding colors, time of day, electronic display etc will change true life colors.
LAST PHOTO IS THE ORIGINAL ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM